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ASTM D1193-91 PDF

ASTM D Standard Specification for Reagent Water. Be notified when this Standard is updated or amended – Add to StandardsWatch. General Product . Designation: D – 99 e1 . 1 This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D on as D – 51 T. Last previous edition D – 91 . ASTM D – 99e1 Standard Specification for Reagent Water. View on Information Provider website {{ linkText }}. Abbreviation. ASTM D Amendment.

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A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A superscript epsilon e indicates an editorial change sinc. ASTM D water quali This document is not an ASTM standard and is intended only xstm provide the user of an ASTM standard an indication of what changes have been made to the previous version.

Because it may not be technically possible to adequately depict all changes accurately, ASTM recommends that users consult prior editions as appropriate. In all cases only the current version of the standard as published by ASTM is to be considered the official document. A superscript epsilon e indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval. This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

Four grades are speci? Ion exchange, distillation, or reverse osmosis and organic d119-391 may be required prior to distillation if the purity cannot be attained by single distillation.

ASTM D | legal definition of ASTM D by

NOTE1—Because distillation is a process commonly relied upon to produce high purity water, the levels speci? These astn been assigned in order of historical precedence and should not be taken as an indication of a progression in water purity. Current edition approved Feb. Originally issued as D—51T. Last previous edition D— Current edition approved March 1, Originally approved in Last previous edition approved in as D — 99e1.

No further reproductions authorized. It is the responsibility of the users of this standard to ensure that the selected water types or grades are suitable for their intended use. Starting with this revision, these d119-91 of waters may be produced with alternate technologies as long as the appropriate constituent speci? Therefore, the selection of an alternate technology in place of the technology speci? Such contaminants were not necessarily considered by the performance characteristics of the technology previously speci?

It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Feed water to the? Type I reagent water may be produced with alternate technologies as long as the appropriate constituent speci?

B Type II grade of reagent water shall be prepared by distillation using a still designed to produce a distillate having a conductivity of less than 1. Ion exchange, distillation, or reverse osmosis and organic adsorption may be required prior to distillation, if the purity cannot be attained by single distillation. Type II reagent water may atsm produced with alternate technologies as long as the appropriate constituent speci?

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C Type III grade of reagent water astn be prepared by distillation, ion exchange, continuous electrodeionization, reverse osmosis, or a combination thereof, ashm by polishing with a 0.

Type III reagent water may be produced with alternate technologies as long as the appropriate constituent speci? D Type IV grade of reagent water may be prepared by distillation, ion exchange, continuous electrodeionization, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, or a combination thereof.

Type IV reagent water may be produced with alternate technologies as long as the appropriate constituent speci? H Total organic carbon. K Heterotrophic bacteria count. L Endotoxin in endotoxin units per mL. Electrodeionization devices typically comprise semi-permeable ion-exchange membranes and permanently charged zstm media see Test Method D RO removes ions based on electrochemical forces, colloids, and organics down to molecular weight.

May also be called hyper? Also, different types of contaminants affect these methods and processes differently. It is intended to satisfy the requirements for normal laboratory procedures, but does not necessarily apply to the large-scale production of pure water or for speci? Different grades of water may be covered by other ASTM speci? Use and Application 5. It should be noted also that the method may or may not remove non-ionized dissolved gases.

The instructions of the manufacturer of the resins or the resin cartridge bed should be followed. However, the method of storage and handling of the water may itself result in contamination. Sample sstm and tubing should be made of? Practice D d119-391 be consulted.

This procedure is most easily carried out by autoclaving at kPa 15 psi for 20 min. The use of reagent grade water should aatm that analytes may exist in water that meets the criteria listed in Section 1, but these analytes may interfere s1193-91 the use of the water.

These issues are very complex and extensive. This guidance is not intended to be comprehensive or complete. Producers and users of Reagent Water are encouraged to seek out additional sources of guidance in this area. Practices may be put in place to decrease the risk or organic contamination: Refer to the supplier speci?

The amount of organic components released differs depending on the type and brand of the membrane? The use of ashm quali? Aatm choice of technologies can vary depending on the feed water quality, system usage and cost considerations. 1d193-91 attention should be taken regarding the location and sequence of particular puri?

Therefore, the selection of an alternate technology in place of the one speci? Published in the U. Pharmacopeia by The U. D — 06 impact of other contaminants such as micro-organism and pyrogen than those speci?

If non-ionized dissolved astn are of concern for the application considered, the selection of a method to produce water appropriate for the purpose and compliant with the Table 1 speci? The user should choose the appropriate sterilization technique d1193-91 the intended use. As atmospheric organic compounds and those from sampling vials rapidly contaminate exposed puri?

Follow-up of trends in the quality and c1193-91 parameters should be performed regularly to check any variations in performance of the water puri? The impact will be different depending on the water type and grade produced resistivity characteristics for example, will be rapidly impacted as soon as Type I water is be stored.

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Water types, other than Type I, can be stored if particular attention is taken regarding the materials, design of the storage system and time of storage. The material of the storage reservoir in contact with water should be selected to minimize the release of extractables. This should be achieved by air? It should be recognized that the mere fact that the water is stored will likely reduce its purity despite attempts to prevent contamination. Storage should be sized to ensure a good turnover of water.

The periodicity of such draw-offs and sanitization should be de? This periodicity can be de?

What Type of Laboratory Water Do I Need?

After each sanitization, veri? Gravity feed is the preferred method if possiblesince pumps are a potential source of contamination. D — 06 X1. Depending on the water type required and the applications performed, container material and cleaning procedures must be chosen appropriately.

Practices D and D should be consulted. Follow-up of trends in the quality and performance parameters should be performed regularly to check any variations in performance of the installation and to be able to anticipate any failures. The validation process can be divided into 4 major quali? The design of the installation should also be de? All steps should be documented. This requires that the calibration of the various measuring instruments be veri?

The actual installation should be compared with an installation drawing to ensure that no future installation modi? Tests should be conducted to verify that the hydraulic, monitoring and electronic functions including system alerts of the systems are working according to the speci?

This ensures complete annual veri? ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.

This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every? Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee, which you may attend.

If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below. Individual reprints single or multiple copies of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at phonefaxor service astm.