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Godina izdanja: ISBN: Detaljne informacije o knjizi: Autor: Branko Vujović Žanr Umetnost, monografije Izdavač: Idea ISBN: Br. strana: presudno uticale na kulturnu, privrednu i političku istoriju Detaljne informacije o knjizi: Autor: Branko Vujović Žanr Umetnost, monografije Izdavač: Idea Knjiga. Ljudski resursi u turizmu (turistički vodiči) 1. Kadrovi koji kreiraju usluzni program agencije 3. Specijalizovani kadrovi. Poslovi na izvršenju.

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The tribes of Montenegro Montenegrin and Serbian: Many tribes were united into the Principality of Montenegro — Today they richly attest to social anthropology and family historyas they have not been used in official structures since although some tribal regions overlap contemporary municipality areas.

The kinship groups give a sense of shared ostorija and descent.

Tribes of Montenegro | Revolvy

The tribes in what brqnko today Montenegro were formed and developed in different times, in a process which was not uniform. The tribes plemena, sing. The tribes enjoyed especially large autonomy in the period from the second part of the 15th century until the midth century. Initially they were recorded as katuns – a basic Vlach kmetnosti and ethnic structure not always homogeneous by blood on which head was katunar – tribal chief.

The brotherhoods or clans bratstvo are contemporary patrilineal kin groups which trace their origin to a particular male ancestor and share the same surname.

In most cases marriage within the bratstvo is forbidden regardless of the biological distance umstnosti the would-be spouses. However, this is not the case with some larger brotherhood who sometimes allow endogamous marriages if the genealogical distance between spouses is large enough. In war, the members of the bratstvo bratstvenici were obliged to stand together.

Tribes of Montenegro

The size of such units varied in size, ranging from 50 to warriors Contemporary surnames of Montenegrins usually come from these smaller units. The members tend to guard their family history and many are able to recite the line of ancestors to the originator of the bratstvo.

The relationship between tribe and brotherhood is loose. At times of tribal autonomy, brotherhoods usually lived concentrated in the same place for long time and therefore formed a part of the tribe. Different brotherhoods living on the territory of one tribe were often not related to each other.

A new brotherhood could be established and often was if a stranger sought refuge, usually because of conflict with Ottoman authorities or because of a blood feud, within a tribe.

The tribes were an important institution in Montenegro throughout its modern history and state isyorija. The tribal assembly elected the vladika bishop-ruler from exemplary families, who from the 15th century were the main figures in resistance to Ottoman incursions.

The Dinaric society of highland herdsmen had a patriarchal-heroic culture with endemic culture isgorija violence caused by the survival from poverty on barren terrain, isolation from cities and education, and preservation of tribal structures. Harsh authorities can turn him into a true slave”, resulting in willingness to fight, but never true political freedom.

The clans were often in intertribal conflicts and blood feuds krvna osveta. It was the defence of our honour and good name, and the guarantee of our maidens. It was our pride before others; our blood was not water that anyone could spill It was centuries of manly pride and heroism, survival, a mother’s milk and a sister’s vow, bereaved parents iistorija children in black, umetosti, and songs turned into silence and wailing. It was all, all”. In modern censuses of Montenegro, descendants identify as MontenegrinsSerbsMuslims and Bosniaksand Albanians.

Radosavljevich in noted that the contemporary tribal assembly collectively identified as Serbsand Orthodox, and also referred to their polity as brabko Serb land”, and istoruja considered it has been viewed as an ethnic Serb tradition.

Each tribe has a complex historical and geographical origin. During the Middle Ages the Slavic population managed to culturally assimilate the native Romanized descendants of “Illyrian” tribes. Tribal names including a few non-Slavic left traces in the toponymy of Montenegro and surrounding countries. As far as historical records by age and testimony go, it is shown that at least between 14th and 15th century many tribal migrations in Montenegro from KosovoMetohijaOld SerbiaAlbaniaBosnia and Herzegovina took place.

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The burning of Saint Sava ‘s remains during the Banat Uprising provoked the Serbs in other regions to revolt against the Ottomans.

It was suppressed due to lack of foreign support. As Orthodox bishops could not have children, the office title was passed from uncle to nephew.

Danilo I established Montenegro’s first code of law, a court to arbitrate istoroja matter, and struggled to unite the tribes. Vujogic lack of intertribal cohesion weakened Montenegro’s defences in war with the Turks, as well failed centralized system, making Montenegro backward and parochial.

Ljudski resursi-turisticki vodici by Danica Cvitkovac on Prezi

The result were victories and gaining of territory, especially the Brda, then in Eastern Herzegovina, Zeta valley, littoral from Bar to the south of Ulcinj, [26] bringing more tribes under control. However, due to previous Serbian influence in those parts, [26] these tribes revolted if there were attempts by Cetinje to tax them. Prince-Bishop Petar I r. Every nahija had its own elder from the corresponding tribe. The tribal assemblies were attended regularly by all grown men from the corresponding clan.

The “General Montenegrin Assembly” was the highest political body and a mediator between the Montenegrin people and the Ottoman authorities.

It was composed of chiefs of all tribes in Montenegro. The territorial expansion of Montenegro continued, and after the Balkan Wars —13it included substantial parts of Herzegovina, Serbia and Albania. Montenegrin nationalism federalism eventually suffered from the political activity of young Montenegrins living in Serbia.

The Greens ethnically declared themselves as Serbsbut did not support, what they saw, as a Serbian annexation of the Montenegrin state. During Istodija War IIthe tribes were internally mainly divided between the two sides of Chetniks Serbian royalists and Yugoslav Partisans communiststhat were fighting each other for the rule of Yugoslavia.

As a result, the conflict spread within the tribal and clan structures. Later Serb settlers entered into conflicts with these early mixed tribes, which eventually resulted in the latters’ annihilation, and new stronger tribes were formed. Although the old Balkan population had for long retained particularities, they did not have greater influence on the Slavic tribal communities.

Part of the old Balkan population that viewed themselves as Roman inheritors withdrew ahead of the Slavs from the interior to the istorijw cities. Meanwhile, the Romans Vlachs who stayed in the mountains of the interior became subjects uemtnosti the Slavs. These mountainous Vlachs, in their isgorija or by culture, umetnosit not have noticeable effect on the development of society, and lesser so on the formation of a special ethnos.

The Roman population’s influence in the cities of Zeta was small, as evident also in Serbian royal charters from the 13th- and 14th centuries in which the ethnic groups of Serbs, Latins, Arbanasi, and Vujocic are mentioned, the order bearing witness to their numbers; the Albanians, who could not have been many, were more than Vlachs. According to him, the name Vlach also denoted the profession of shepherding, because along with ethnic Vlachs, there were Slavic shepherds who were called vujoic, not in an ethnical- but in economical status.

Slavic geographical nomenclature, except for minor cases, is a certain confirmation, as Slavs settled along roads and rivers, and also katuns. They were divided into two distinct groups; Old Montenegrin, and the tribes in the Highlands. The list below also contains many groups which should be classified as clans.

Note brako the territory of contemporary Montenegro consists of several historic regions Old Montenegro, Brda, Old Herzegovina and Primorjeincluding territories added istroija Montenegro comparatively recently Old Herzegovina, Austrian.

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None of these regions and districts are reflected in the official territorial division of contemporary Montenegro. The Brda “highlands, hills”also known as the “seven hills” sedmoro brda stretch from central to eastern Montenegro. The Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro Serbian: It emerged from the bishops of Cetinje, later metropolitans, who defied Ottoman overlordship and transformed the parish of Cetinje to a de facto theocracy, ruling as Metropolitans vladika, also rendered “Prince-Bishop”.

Also, it became a brief monarchy when it was temporary abolished —, when impostor Little Stephen posed as Russian Emperor and crowned himself Lord of Montenegro. Name The state was virtually the Metropol Brda Montenegrin and Serbian Cyrillic: The historical tribes of Brda Montenegrin and Serbian: The Ardiaei Ancient Greek: Vardiaei [1] were an Illyrian tribe, residing inland,[2] that eventually settled[3] on the Adriatic coast of the Balkan Peninsula with Scodra as the capital.

Appian 95— writes that they were destroyed[5] by the Autariatae and that in contrast to the Autariatae had maritime power. In the Epitome of Livy they are said to have been subdued[6] by the consul Fulvius Flaccus. Overview Branoo were located in present-day Montenegro,[7] most likely around the gulf of Rhizon,[8] although Strabo places them in the right vuhovic of the Neretva. Specifically, there is a The Piperi are regarded as one of the most bellicose tribes during the wars with the Ottoman Empire, in the history vujkvic Montenegro.

History Piperi were first mentioned in Venetian documents at the beginning of the 15th century. Mariano Bolizza recorded in that the Piperi had a total of houses, of Serbian Orthodox faith.

Albanian bayraks as vunovic Hoti and Gruda on the far left side. The following is a list of tribes of Albania, a region in south-west Balkans. Northern Albania The fact that the tribes of northern Albania were not completely subdued by the Ottomans is raised on the level of orthodoxy among the members of tribes.

A possible explanation is that Ottomans did not have any reason to subdue northern Albanian tribes because they needed them as a stable source of mercenaries. The Ottomans implemented baryaktar system within northern Albanian tribes and granted some privileges vuovic the baryaktars banner chieftans in exchange for their obligation to mobilize local fighters to support military actions of the Ottoman forces.

The usual punishments were, fine, exile or disarmament. The house of the exiled member of the tribe would be burned. In Albania the disarmament was regarded as the most embarrassing verdict. During his reign, Montenegro became a secular state, a lay principality instead of a bishopric-principality.

He became involved in a war with the Ottoman Empire inthe Porte claiming jurisdiction in Montenegro, and the boundaries between the two countries were not defined until Danilo, vuiovic the help of his elder brother, Voivode Mirko, defeated the Ottomans at Ostrog in and in the Battle of Grahovac in The town of Danilovgrad is named after him. Nevertheless, in a brief struggle for power, Pero, who commanded the suppor Map of umetnoxti Europe in th century CE with archeological cultures identified as Baltic-speaking in purple and Slavic-speaking in light brown.

The Slavic area roughly corresponds to modern western and northern Ukraine. During the Migration Period in th century CE, the area of archeological cultures identified as Baltic and Slavic is becoming more fragmented. By the th century CE, the Slavic territory was greatly increased after Slavic migration and expansion in the context of Migration period. Most of the tribe’s history prior to the 16th century has naturally been passed on through oral history.

Although the unofficial center is Andrijevica in north-eastern Montenegro, the tribe stems from Lijeva Rijeka in central Montenegro.