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CAYRATIA TRIFOLIA PDF

General Information. Cayratia trifolia is a usually deciduous climbing shrub with stems that can be 2 – 20 metres long. The stems are produced from a tuberous. Causonis trifolia (L.) Rafin. Synonym. Cayratia carnosa (Link) Gagnepain. Synonym. Cissus acida Roxb. ex Wight & Arn. Synonym. Cissus acutifolia Poir. Cayratia trifolia. Family. Vitaceae. Botanical Name. Cayratia trifolia (L.) Domin. Domin, K. () Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): Type:?. Synonyms.

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It is native to India, Asia and Australia. It is a perennial climber having trifoliated leaves with cm long petioles and ovate to oblong-ovate leaflets. Flowers are small greenish white and brown in color. Fruits are fleshy, juicy, dark purple or black, nearly spherical, about 1 cm in diameter. It triolia found throughout the hills in India. This perennial climber is also found in the hotter part of India from Jammu and Rajasthan to Assam extending into the peninusular India upto m height.

Leaves contain stilbenes piceid, reveratrol, viniferin, ampelopsin. Stem, leaves, roots are reported to possess hydrocyanic acid, delphinidin and several flavonoids such as cyanidin is reported in the leaves. This plant also contains kaempferol, myricetin, rtifolia, triterpenes and epifriedelanol. Infusion of seeds along with extract of tubers is traditionally given orally to diabetic patients to check sugar level of blood.

Paste cayrafia tuberous is applied on the affected part in the treatment of snake bite. Whole plant is used as diuretic, in tumors, neuralgia and splenopathy. Its climbers wrapped around the neck of frantic bullock cayratix poultice of leaves are used to yoke sores of bullock. The cajratia extract shows the antiviral, antibacterial, antiprotozoal, hypoglycemic, anticancer and diuretic activity.

This article focuses on the upgraded review on chemical and biological properties of Cayratia trifolia Linn. Vitaceae is a native of India, Asia and Australia. Cayratia trifolia is cayrqtia known by various synonyms[ 7 — 11 ] such as:. Different vernacular names[ 6 ] of Cayratia trifolia have been reported in Table 1.

The taxonomical hierarchy[ 413 ] of Cayratia trifolia has been mentioned in Table 2. Cayratia trifolia is a weak herbaceous climber, woody at base, stem is more or less succulent, compressed and densely. Leaves are trifoliolate with petioles cm long. Leaflets are ovate to oblong-ovate, cm long, 1.

Flowers are small greenish white 2. Seeds are grifolia, apex rounded, ventral holes and ribs obtuse along margin, trkfolia raised. Cayratia trifolia is known as kalit–kalit in Philippines where it is found at low altitudes. It also found throughout the hilly regions in India. Several flavonoids such as cyanidin are reported in the leaves. Fruits also contain calcium oxalate responsible for severe irritation in the mouth.

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Whole plant is used as diuretic and is also useful in tumors, neuralgia and splenopathy, leucorrhea,[ 616 ] astringent. Sap of stems and juice of leaves are used as aphrodisiac. Roots are grounded with black peeper and applied as poultice on boils.

Cayratia trifolia – Wikipedia

The bark extract showed The plant is reported to have antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, hypoglycemic, anticancer and diuretic actions. Poultice of leaves are used for yoke sores of bullock and also used to cure swelling, injury and infection. Fruits are edible, pleasantly acidic in taste. The powdered plants were cayrxtia extracted with petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol.

The crude extract of ethyl acetate and methanol were tested for their biological activity including antioxidant activity by scavenging effect on DPPH 1,1-diphenylpicryl hydraryl radicals. The crude extract of Cayratia trifolia showed the ED 50 values of Crude extract of this plant was tested in preliminary biological screening for their antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coliBacillus subtilisMicrococcus luteus and P. Precleaned extract was also investigated for their ability to inhibit protein kinase and tyrosine-specific protein kinase of epidermal growth factor.

A large variety of phytochemical constituents that have been reported from natural product research has been proven successfully as anticancerous agent. The finding from the study reveals that methanolic trifoila is more triifolia than aqueous extract in exerting antineoplastic effect in both cell lines as evident by a dose dependent decrease in cell growth. Delphidin and cyaniding which are anthocyanin and showed antiproliferative and proapoptotic cayratoa in gastric adenocarcinoma and were also found to be protective against esophageal cancer in rodents.

Cayratia trifolia

The dietary supplementation with resveratrol significantly reduced plaque formation in animal brains, a component of Alzheimer and other neurodegenerative disease. In a rat model of carrageenan-induced Paw edema, resveratrol inhibited both acute and csyratia phases of the anti-inflammatory trfiolia. It possesses hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effect in both Streptozotacin-induced diabetes rats and STZ-Nicotinamide-induced diabetes rats.

Other diabetic animal model studies by different researches have also demonstrated the antidiabetic effect of resveratrol. It inhibits herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 replication by inhibition of an early step in virus replication cycle. In vivo studies in mice shows that resveratrol inhibits or reduce HSV replication in the vagina and limits extra-vaginal disease.

This paper provides valuable information about plant.

Such information may serve as a base for new pharmacognostical, phytochemical, pharmacological, toxicological and clinical research. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Journal List Pharmacogn Rev v. Ankit Gupta 1 G. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. Abstract Cayratia trifolia Linn.

Biological, Cayratia trifoliachemical, review. Lawson Cissus trifolia Linn. Schaum Cayratia carnosa Lamk. Local names Different vernacular names[ 6 ] of Cayratia trifolia have been reported in Table 1. Table 1 Vernacular names of Cayratia trifolia. Open in a separate window. Taxonomical hierarchy The taxonomical hierarchy[ 413 ] of Cayratia trifolia has been mentioned in Table 2.

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Table 2 Taxonomical hierarchy of Cayratia trifolia. Botanical distribution Cayratia trifolia is a weak herbaceous climber, woody at base, stem is more or less succulent, compressed and densely. Geographical distribution Cayratia trifolia is known as kalit–kalit in Philippines where it is found at low altitudes.

Chemical constituents This plant also contains kaempferol, myricetin, quercetin, triterpenes and epifriedelanol. Ethnomedicinal uses Whole plant is used as diuretic and is also useful in tumors, neuralgia and splenopathy, leucorrhea,[ 616 ] astringent. Veterinary uses Poultice of leaves are used for yoke sores of bullock and also used to cure swelling, injury and infection.

Non-medicinal uses Fruits are edible, pleasantly acidic in taste. Antimicrobial activity Crude extract of this plant was tested in preliminary biological screening for their antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coliBacillus subtilisMicrococcus luteus and P.

Anticancer activity A large variety of phytochemical constituents that have been reported from natural product research has been proven successfully as anticancerous agent. Neuroprotective effect The dietary supplementation with resveratrol significantly reduced plaque formation in animal brains, a component of Alzheimer and other neurodegenerative disease.

Anti-inflammatory effect In a rat model of carrageenan-induced Paw edema, resveratrol inhibited both acute and chronic phases of the anti-inflammatory process.

Cardioprotective effects It inhibits the vascular cell adhesion molecular expression. Inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation[ 47 — 49 ]. Stimulation of endolethelial nitric oxide synthase activity[ 50 — 52 ]. Inhibition of platelet aggregation[ 53 — 55 ]. Antidiabetic effect It possesses hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effect in both Streptozotacin-induced diabetes rats and STZ-Nicotinamide-induced diabetes rats.

Antiviral effect It inhibits herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 replication by inhibition of an early step in virus replication cycle. Footnotes Source of Support: Medicinal plants and plant Extracts: A review of their importation into Europe.

Maurya Cayratai, Gupta CM. Traditional herbs for modern medicine. World Health Organization; Quality control guidelines for medicinal plant materials. Economic valuation of extractive conservation in a tropical deciduous forest in Madhya Pardesh, India. The Wealth of India: Gupta AK, Sharma M. Review on Cayratiz Medical Plants; pp. Flora of Srikakulam district, Andhra Pardesh. J Ind Bot Soc India.

A review on chemical and biological properties of Cayratia trifolia Linn. (Vitaceae)

Nazimuddin S, Qaiser M. Vitaceae, Flora of china.

Beijling and Missouri Bot; p. Travancore Sircar Press; Handbook of Indian flora: