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Dimitrie or Demetrius   Cantemir Romanian pronunciation: He was twice voivode of Moldavia March—April and — During his second term, he allied his state with Russia in their war against Moldavia’s Ottoman overlords; Russia’s defeat forced Cantemir’s family into exile and the replacement of the native voivodes by the Greek phanariots.
Cantemir was also a prolific writer, variously a philosopherhistoriancomposermusicologistlinguistethnographerand geographer. His son AntiochRussia’s ambassador to Great Britain and France and a friend of Montesquieu and Voltairewould go on to be known as “the father of Russian poetry “. Dimitrie is the Romanian ierogliifica of the name Latinized as Demetrius ierpglifica, less often, anglicized as Demeter.
Dkmitrie Constantin himself was illiterate, he educated his sons Dimitrie and Antioh thoroughly. Dimitrie learned Greek and Latin to read the classics as a child.
Istoria ieroglifică [eBook]: Dimitrie Cantemir –
One of his tutors was the scholar John Komnenos Molyvdos. Between ieroglifcaDimitrie spent most of his time as a hostage or envoy in Constantinopleliving in the palace he owned, where he learned Turkish and studied Ottoman history at the Patriarchate ‘s Greek Academy.
InDimitrie was appointed voivode in his own right. Believing Ottoman Turkey to ieroglifca collapsing,  he placed Moldavia under Russian control through a secret agreement signed at Lutsk.
He lived on an estate at Dmitrovka near Oryolwith a sizable boyar retinue including the chronicler Ion Neculce. There he died on 21 Dimitrjeon the very day he was awarded his German title. Cantemir was married twice: Cantemir’s children were rather prominent in Russian history. His elder daughter Maria Cantemir — so attracted Peter the Great that he allegedly planned to divorce his wife Ieroglitica to be with her.
Upon Catherine’s own ascension to the throne, however, Maria was forced to enter a convent. Cantemir’s son Antioch — was the Russian ambassador at London and Paris, a friend of Voltaire and Montesquieuand so influential a poet, satirist, and essayist as to be considered “the father of Russian poetry “.
Another son Constantin — was implicated in the Golitsyn conspiracy against the empress Anna and was exiled to Siberia. Dimitrie’s younger daughter Smaragda —reckoned one of the great beauties of her time, was the wife of Prince Dmitriy Mikhailovich Golitsyn and a friend of the empress Elizabeth. Cantemir was a polyglot known as one of the greatest linguists of his time, speaking and writing eleven languages.
Well versed in Oriental scholarship, his oeuvre is voluminous, diverse, and original, although some of his scientific writings contain unconfirmed theories or simple inaccuracies. Between and he wrote his most important creations. Inhe was named a member of the Royal Academy of Berlin. Cantemir’s best-known history work was his History of the Growth and Decay of the Ottoman Empire  the original title was in LatinHistoria incrementorum atque decrementorum Aulae Othomanicae .
This volume circulated throughout Europe in manuscript for a number of years. It was finally printed in in London and was later translated and printed in Germany and France.
It remained the seminal work on the Ottoman Empire up to the middle of the 19th century; notably, it was used as a reference for Edward Gibbon ‘s own Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Later scholarship contests many points owing to the dubiousness of some of Cantemir’s sources. He also published the first critical history of Romania as a whole,  the Chronicle of the Antiquity of the Romano-Moldavo-Wallachians Hronicul vechimei a romano-moldo-vlahilorfrom idtoria It asserted the Latin origin of the Romanian language and the Roman origin of the people living within the former land of Dacia.
Cantemir composed his Description of Moldavia Latin: Descriptio Moldaviae  in  ieroblifica the request of the Royal Academy in Berlin. Covering geographical, ethnographical, and economic aspects of Moldavia, it was similarly circulated in manuscript canyemir only published much later.
It appeared in istkria German geographical magazine in and was published as a book in Printed in in the Netherlandsit formed the basis of most European maps of the country for decades. A few of Cantemir’s roughly forty Ottoman cqntemir are still performed today as part of the Turkish repertoire but his greatest service was in preserving traditional instrumental pieces by publishing them in a musical notation he developed from the Ottoman Turkish alphabet in his work Edvar-i Musikioffered as a present to Sultan Ahmed III in or and recently reprinted with modern explanations.
He also wrote cantwmir introduction to Islam for Europeans, a biography of Jan Baptist van Helmont a philosophical treatise in Romanian and Greek,    and an unfinished second treatise on the Undepictable Image of Sacred Science.
Due to his many esteemed works he won great renown at the high courts of Europe. His name is among those who were considered to be the brightest minds of the world on a plaque at the Library of Sainte-Genevieve in Parisnext to those of LeibnizNewtonPironand other great thinkers.
One of the houses inhabited by Dimitrie Cantemir during his exile in Constantinople was restored and opened as a museum in On 14 July Dimitrie Cantemir battled the Turks and high nobility in Stanilesti with Russian cavalry troops coming to his aid.
dimitrei The first day showed a clear victory for the Moldovian troops, but as the days passed, a huge 72, army led by Pasha annihilated them and in just 4 days Moldova was occupied.
Dimitrie Cantemir died in after the Persian campaign. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Dimitrie Cantemir disambiguation. DmitrovskOryol Oblast. Spiritul Cantemirist in Romanian. Ion CreangaBucharest Music in Istanbul and Ottoman Europe around album booklet. Retrieved 29 July The Age of Enlightenment.
Dimitrie Cantemir – Wikipedia
Constantin Cantemir Nicolae Mavrocordat. Constantin Duca Lupu Costachi. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dimitrie Cantemir.