In his seminal lecture “Is Patriotism a Virtue?” Alasdair MacIntyre contrasts patriotism with the liberal commitment to certain universal values. 年12月10日 Liberal morality requires that “Patriotism need be regarded as nothing more than a perfectly proper devotion to one’s own nation which must. Is Patriotism a Virtue [Alasdair MacIntyre] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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One may derive significant psychological benefit from membership in and identification with a society or polity: Hulas, Maciej, and Stanislaw Fel eds.

Anderson, Benedict,Imagined Communities: Their cooperation enables us to enjoy the benefits of the enterprise, and fairness demands viirtue we reciprocate.

If nature as you have anthropomorphized it finds death to be amusing for some reason then I assure you I am very much apart from it in that sense at least.

MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism

But even if it were conceded, one might still resist the claim x the alleged duty. We can not assign human freedom in the form of an ontological category because it is rapidly becoming apparent the world is not and never will be in any way for-us, our pitiful existence pales in comparison with its vast expanse, our consciousness is in many ways very similar to a rock lying on a windy plain being carved away by its environment, before whatever life or process follows each of us is inevitably vaporized by the expanding sun.


In a later statement of his argument80—81Patriotixm seems to be of two minds on this point. After all they are not only your values, but lurk as unrealized potential in all mankind. Someone showing concern for the well-being of others well beyond the degree of concern for others required of all of us is considered a morally better person than the rest of us other things equalan example of supererogatory mmacintyre.

Yet another objection would focus on the fundamentally irrational character of robust patriotism: In what is still the sole book-length philosophical study of the subject, Stephen Nathanson34—35 defines patriotism as involving: MacIntyre expands the Aristotelian account along these lines: However, there is another, more plausible line of criticism of patriotism focusing on its intellectual, rather than moral credentials.

Military-Industrial Complex is Circumstantially Unethical.

A DebateOxford: But in the course of the 20 th century nationalism was deeply compromised. It amounts to an endorsement of provincialism and irrational attitudes of submission to tradition.

So the question then becomes whether being American, Norwegian, or belonging to any other sort of group or practice, is ultimately good for us or bad when measured against ends defined by our humanity. A fuller account of patriotism is beyond the macinttyre of this article.

MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism

Cosmopolitanism, Patrioism and PatriotismCambridge: Such patriotism is compatible with a decent degree of humanitarianism. We must remember this is the same MacIntyre who says: There is little to cavil about here. Dagger, This argument conflates macintrye issue of patriotism with that of political obligationand the notion of a patriot with that of a citizen. Unless a new, more convincing case for patriotism can be made, we have no good reason to think that patriotism is a moral duty.


We all have various preferences for places and people, tend to identify with many groups, large and small, to think macinyre them as in some sense ours, and to show a degree of special concern for their patrlotism. If patriotism is neither a moral duty nor a supererogatory virtue, then all its moral pretensions have been deflated. But when a country is not ethnically homogeneous, or when a nation lacks a country of its own, the two may part ways.

And we cannot talk with confidence about the reasons a large and complex group or institution has for its actions. Bernard Yack – – Critical Review 12 It is the second that is at issue. This type of patriotism is extreme, but by no means extremely rare.

He notes that Alasdair MacIntyre has given a defense of patriotism: And further problem is that political practices based on universalized human nature can lead to supremacist imperialism every bit as oppressive as parochial jingoism.